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Dickens December 21, 2005

Posted by Iglika in La vie culturelle.
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Dickens was one of the great literary geniuses of all time and one of the most popular. It has been estimated that one out of ten Britons who could read read his works, and then read them aloud to many others! He was, as he was nicknamed, “The Inimitable” (more…)


Expositions universelles December 13, 2005

Posted by Iglika in Expositions universelles.
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Les Expositions Internationales et Universelles débutent à Londres en 1851, en pleine révolution industrielle et en pleine période de glorieux colonialisme. Les expositions portent donc d’abord sur ce double thème de l’innovation industrielle et de l’exotisme rapporté des colonies. Dans l’ensemble, on remarque qu’elles sont d’abord Européennes. Elles sont plus rares au milieu du XIXe siècle et très nombreuses vers la fin. (more…)

L’influance de l’empire December 13, 2005

Posted by Iglika in Influence de l'empire.
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Au milieu du XIX siècle, la Grande-Bretagne atteint une position dominante , même hégémonique, dans l’économie mondiale. Elle est devenue une grande nation industrielle, exportant partout à travers le monde les biens manifacturés. Sa technologie est en avance sur celle des autres pays et sa marine lui assure la domination du commerce international. (more…)

Sandford Fleming Award December 9, 2005

Posted by Iglika in Exposition virtuelle Sandford Fleming.
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The Sandford Fleming Award was established in 1999 in honour of Sir Sandford Fleming, 1827 – 1915, Canada’s formost railway surveyor and railway engineer of the 19th century. (more…)

La normalisation au XIX siècle December 9, 2005

Posted by Iglika in Normalisation.
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The relationship between standards and technology, the fruit of invention and innovation is tightly coupled. Technical standards, in all their forms public and private, are the means to codify technology for a segment of society. Invention and innovation are also closely linked to the progress of society. Because of these connections, the waves of progress, technology and standards are related.


Colonisation des Amériques December 9, 2005

Posted by Iglika in Angloterre, Le contexte.
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Au début du XVIIe siècle les colonies de la côte est (13 qui deviendront les États-Unis), des provinces maritimes du Canada et des petites îles des antilles comme la Jamaïque et la Barbade s’implantèrent avec succès. L’invasion des colonies espagnoles d’Amérique du Sud fut bloqué par l’échec de la prise de Cartagène.Cette expansion dans les Amériques certains réfèrent comme la fin du premier empire britannique, la seconde ayant lieu en Asie et en Afrique. (more…)

Victorian Political History December 9, 2005

Posted by Iglika in La vie politique.
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With the end, in 1815, of the Napoleonic Wars, the last of the great imperial wars which had dominated the eighteenth century, Britain found itself in an extraordinarily powerful position, though a complicated one. It acquired Dutch South Africa, for example, but found its interests threatened in India by the southern and eastern expansion of the Russians. (The protection of India from the Russians, both by land and by sea, would be a major concern of Victorian foreign policy).

Les inventions XIX siècle December 5, 2005

Posted by Iglika in Développement des technologies, Révoluion industrielle.
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The prosperity of the Victorian age was built on a period of rapid economic growth that had its roots in the Industrial Revolution. Christine MacLeod traces its development and shows that the process owes as much to evolution as revolution. When Queen Victoria opened the Great Exhibition on 1st May 1851, her country was the world’s leading industrial power, producing more than half its iron, coal and cotton cloth. The Crystal Palace itself was a triumph of pre-fabricated mass production in iron and glass.


Réligion en Écosse XIX siècle December 4, 2005

Posted by Iglika in Réligion.
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In religion, the Victorians experienced a great age of doubt, the first that called into question institutional Christianity on such a large scale. In literature and the other arts, the Victorians attempted to combine Romantic emphases upon self, emotion, and imagination with Neoclassical ones upon the public role of art and a corollary responsibility of the artist.


Victorian Scotland December 4, 2005

Posted by Iglika in L'Écosse victorienne.
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The Victorian era was a confident, dynamic time, with Scotland becoming richer by the day and Glasgow becoming known as “the second city of the Empire”. With the British Empire covering a quarter of the world, vast riches reached Scottish shores from India, Africa, the West Indies, Australia and Canada. As the wealth of the Empire permeated through the country, few areas were left untouched by its influence.